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Female Literacy in Bundelkhand

 
  Over half the females in Bundelkhand have never gone to school

Good empirical evidence as well as commonsense suggests that female literacy is linked to overall development in many ways. Compared to totally illiterate women, literate women are likely to have a say in decisions regarding number of children and usage of family planning methods. In urban and semi-urban environments, they are likely to have greater opportunities for earning independent income. Literate women are more likely to seek antenatal and postnatal checkups and observe good hygiene practices. Literate women are also more likely to encourage education of female children.

According to  Census 2001, highest female literacy rate was recorded in Kerala (88%), and lowest was recorded in Bihar (34%). Shrawasti district of UP and Kishanganj and Araria districts of Bihar recorded the lowest female literacy rates in the country (around 18%). In UP and MP as a whole, the female literacy rate was around 42% and 50% respectively.

In UP Bundelkhand,  lower-than-state rates were recorded in Lalitpur, Banda, Mahoba and Hamirpur, along with around 25 districts from other regions of the state, whereas it was significantly higher than the state rate in Jhansi, Jalaun and Chitrakoot. Female literacy was lowest in Lalitpur (33.3%) among all Bundelkhand districts. In MP Bundelkhand, the rate was lower than the state rate in all districts except Sagar and Datia. Female literacy rate was close to the state average in Panna and Damoh districts and lowest in Chhatarpur (39.4%). Six districts of  MP had lower female literacy rates; Jhabua ranked lowest (25.5%).

Female Literacy in Bundelkhand
(Census 2001)

District Female literacy (%)
Jhansi 51.2
Lalitpur 33.3
Jalaun 50.7
Hamirpur 40.7
Mahoba 39.6
Banda 37.1
Chitrakoot 51.3
Datia 62.5
Chhatarpur 39.4
Tikamgarh 41
Panna 47.8
Damoh 47.5
Sagar 54.5

Source: Census 2001 data quoted in
Ranking and Mapping of Districts
Based on Socio-economic and Demographic Indicators
International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS),
Mumbai, 2006

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