About This Site   Resources   Contact Us   Site Map   Terms of Use
 

your location: home > economy > agriculture > major and minor crops in bundelkhand

Major and Minor Crops in Bundelkhand

Traditionally, gram and wheat were the main rabi (post-monsoon) crops in most parts of Bundelkhand and jowar and bajra were the main kharif (monsoon) crops. A variety of coarse cereals like mandwa (ragi), kodon (Paspanum scrobiculatum), sawan (common millet), kakun (Italian millet) and kutki (Little millet) were also grown in the kharif season in some areas. Wheat was commonly grown in combination with gram.

Cotton was an important crop in the region in the 19th century; it was cultivated in large areas of Banda, Jalaun and Sagar districts, and there was a large cotton market in Banda. Sugarcane was also cultivated. Barley and rice were also cultivated in the rabi and kharif seasons respectively in some areas.

The current pattern of cultivation is considerably different, as shown in the tables below. Pulses and wheat are the main crops across Bundelkhand, with wheat accounting for the highest area under cultivation in most districts.

Large scale cultivation of wheat is a relatively recent occurrence, caused by increase in use of groundwater irrigation and some increase in surface irrigation, supported by subsidies for water and power, as well as availability of high yielding varieties and assured procurement prices of the government. The high yielding varieties cannot be grown in combination with gram, and cultivation of wheat+gram is generally not seen.

UP Bundelkhand district-wise main crops (2003-04)

District Main crops (% of total cropped area under cultivation)
Jhansi other pulses (47.37%), wheat (27%),  gram (14.25%), groundnut (4.65%)
Lalitpur other pulses (43.99%), wheat (25.51%), gram (12.89%), maize (7.49%)
Jalaun other pulses (37.40%), wheat (29.89%), gram (15.93%)
Hamirpur other pulses (29.48%), gram (28%), wheat (23.32%), jowar (9.68%)
Mahoba other pulses (38.69%), gram (24.9%), wheat (22.48%)
Banda wheat (32.48%), gram (26.57%), other pulses (11.64%), rice (14.40%), jowar (8.07%)
Chitrakoot

wheat (29.40%), gram (25.27%), other pulses (8.93%), jowar (11.32%), rice (7.17%), tur/ahar (5.49%), bajra (5.02%)

MP Bundelkhand district-wise main crops (2005-06)

District Main crops in (% of total cropped area under cultivation)
Datia wheat (32.20%), other pulses (26.56%), gram (16.07%), sesame (5.36%)
Chhatarpur wheat (27.78%), gram (20.04%), other pulses (17.52%), sesame (8.20%), soyabean (4.55%)
Tikamgarh wheat (25.48%), other pulses (19.13%), gram (8.0%), soyabean (7.65%), sesame (5.92%), groundnut (4.77%), fodder crops (5.2%), rapeseed and mustard (4.59%)
Panna gram (32.86%), wheat (23.78%), rice (20.40%), other pulses (11.67%)
Damoh gram (41.82%), wheat (23.04%), rice (13.52%), soyabean (11.36%), other pulses (7.49%)
Sagar gram (28.36%), soyabean (23.75%), wheat (23.04%), other pulses (14.75%)

Source: District-wise Land Use Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, May 2008. Percentages derived from absolute figures. Total cropped area includes area cropped more than once (gross cropped area)

While gram (chickpea) has been traditionally grown in non-irrigated areas, cultivation of 'other pulses' like lentil, peas, green gram and black gram has received a boost in recent times due to availability of short duration varieties.

Maize is seen only in Lalitpur, and jowar accounts for a significant area under cultivation only in Hamirpur, Banda and Chitrakoot. Barley and bajra have become minor crops and cultivation of coarse cereals is seen only in patches in hilly areas inhabited by tribal groups. Rice is cultivated only in Banda, Chitrakoot, Panna and Damoh. Cotton has virtually disappeared from the region due to paucity of assured water and sugarcane is grown only in parts of Datia, Jalaun and Tikamgarh districts.

Another significant shift is in oilseeds cultivation. Area under oilseeds accounts for around a fourth of the total cropped area in Tikamgarh and Sagar districts, and there is a significant area under cultivation of groundnut in Jhansi.

Both the UP and MP governments have hopes of promoting jatropha cultivation in the Bundelkhand districts in a big way, for production of bio-diesel.

Area-specific Minor Crops

Several minor crops are grown in particular areas across Bundelkhand. Pan is grown in parts of Lalitpur and Mahoba district; the Mahoba pan is famous and commands a premium. Peppermint is grown in parts of Jalaun district, where several peppermint oil extraction units have also been set up.

Medicinal plants like ashvagandha, white museli and chakori are grown by a few farmers in many districts. Fruits like amla, ber and guava are grown in a few pockets. Mangoes are grown near Banda town.

In Newari block of Tikamgarh, which is close to Jhansi town, vegetables and spices are grown on a large but unsustainable scale - Newari has one of the lowest water tables in the region though the Betwa flows through the block.

| Agriculture in Bundelkhand | Use of Fertilisers | Use of HYV Seeds | Major and Minor Crops | Production | Yields | Profitability | Survival Practices | Jatropha Cultivation | Suicides |

 
Agriculture
> Agriculture in Bundelkhand
> Use of Fertilisers
> Use of HYV Seeds
> Major and Minor Crops
> Production
> Yields
> Profitability
> Survival Practices
> Jatropha Cultivation
> Suicides