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Use of Fertilisers in Bundelkhand

Percentages derived from absolute data in the Agriculture Census Input Survey 2001-02 (Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India)  show that while fertilisers were used in 70% of all cropped land in India, and 87% of cropped land in UP, and 45% of cropped land in MP, in UP Bundelkhand and MP Bundelkhand only around 57 % and 40% of cropped land respectively was treated with fertilisers.

The quantum of fertiliser used was also low. While the India average of use of the nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P) potassium (K), or NPK combination, was 92.6 kg per hectare, the average per hectare use of NPK in UP Bundelkhand and MP Bundelkhand was only 47.8 and 37.8 kg respectively (in MP as a whole, it was 30 kg).

Expectedly, usage of fertilisers was lowest in the hilly and least developed district of Panna, where it was less than 10 kg per hectare; it was also below 15 kg/hectare in Damoh and Sagar districts.

The low level of NPK usage was also unscientific. While NPK should be used in the ratio of 4:2:1, the NPK usage combination in UP Bundelkhand and MP Bundelkhand was around 2:1 with quantum of K being negligible. In UP Bundelkhand quantum of K used was around 1/25th the quantum of N; in MP Bundelkhand it was around 1/15th. 

N-driven fertiliser usage does lead to high yields in initial years but several farm experiments have shown that sustained high use of N without adequate use of P and K is counter-productive in the long run. Moreover, poor quality soils, as generally available in Bundelkhand, also require inputs of sulphur and zinc, and possibly, magnesium and boron also. Use of these nutrients has not been promoted in a big way in Bundelkhand.

 

 

| Agriculture in Bundelkhand | Use of Fertilisers | Use of HYV Seeds | Major and Minor Crops | Production | Yields | Profitability | Survival Practices | Jatropha Cultivation | Suicides |

 
Agriculture
> Agriculture in Bundelkhand
> Use of Fertilisers
> Use of HYV Seeds
> Major and Minor Crops
> Production
> Yields
> Profitability
> Survival Practices
> Jatropha Cultivation
> Suicides