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Soil Loss in Bundelkhand Plain

 
  Fast-flowing rivers cut away river banks

The Bundelkhand Plain sub-region suffers from over-drainage due to a large number of rivers and streams.

A number of nalas scour of these water courses, rendering a large amount of land worthless. Land is cut away by fast-flowing water and flooding leads to loss of precious top soil. In particular, Banda, Hamirpur and Datia districts are severely affected.

In Banda district, an area of 12 lakh hectares was affected, according to data given in the Banda district gazetteer (see table). 

In Hamirpur, the problem is faced in Rath, Hamirpur and Maudaha tehsils, where a total of 2 lakh hectares, comprising 40% to 60% of the total area is affected. In Mahoba, around 1.5 lakh hectares in Charkhari and Mahoba tehsils is affected, according to data given in the 1988 Hamirpur district gazetteer (p 90).

Soil erosion  in Banda district

River/nala Catchment area
in ‘000 hectares
Area affected by soil
erosion in ‘000 hectares
Ken 230 147
Baghain 360 265
Pashwani 275 200
Yamuna 517 408
Gunta 195 120
Bardha 119 30
Manda 35 30
Total 1722 1200

Source: Banda district gazetteer (1977), p 93

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