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Freedom Movement in Bundelkhand

No major political activity took place in Bundelkhand till the first quarter of the 20th century.

A district Congress committee was established in Jhansi in 1916 and in Banda in 1920. Mahatma Gandhi addressed meetings in Jhansi in 1921 and 1929, and a Bundelkhand political conference was held under the presidentship of Motilal Nehru. Foreign cloth worth thousands of rupees was burnt at several places during the non-cooperation movement.

Revolutionary activities started in Jhansi in the late 1920s. Disguised as a sadhu, Chandrashekhar Azad directed the activities first from Satar, in Orchha state, and then from nearby Jhansi, where he worked as a driver with the police.

Manufacture of bombs, rifles and grenades began in Jhansi and in 1928, Bhagat Singh exploded his first test bomb in the forest of Babina. Revolutionary cells came up in Banda and Chitrakoot.

Despite severe obstacles, freedom struggles were launched in princely states as well. On January 14, 1930, at a place called Charan Paduka, 50 km from Chhatarpur town, a large meeting was held to protest against princely rule. British forces dispersed the meeting with gunfire and a number of people were killed.

In Orchha state, the prominent freedom movement leader was Chaturbhuj Pathak, a Gandhian who was later involved with the mission to end dacoity in the Chambal ravines.

Later, in 1947, another leader, Narayandas Khare, emerged. Khare was brutally killed on December 31, 1947; ten days later, the Orchha ruler conceded to the demand for a responsible government.

One member of the princely class who was involved in the freedom movement was 'Dewan’ Shatrughan Singh of Hamirpur. Initially with the revolutionary movement, he became a Gandhian and organised Congress activities in the district with his wife, Rani Rajendra Kumari.

After Independence, they donated their estate in Maungrath village to Vinoba Bhave’s bhoodan movement; it was the first gramdaan village of India.

| Early History | Chandela Period | Khangars and Early Bundelas | Bundelas and Mughals | Gond Kingdom | Maharaj Chhatrasal | Entry of Marathas | Entry of British | 1857 Revolt | British Rule | Freedom Movement | Bundelkhand State? | Hold of Dacoits |

 
History
> Early History
> Chandela Period
> Khangars and Early Bundelas
> Bundelas and Mughals
> Gond Kingdom
> Maharaj Chhatrasal
> Entry of Marathas
> Entry of British
> 1857 Revolt
> British Rule
> Freedom Movement
> Bundelkhand State?
> Hold of Dacoits