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Banda District

  Kalinjar, 55 km from Banda town, is one of India's oldest and most historic forts

Banda is UP Bundelkhand's second largest town and headquarters of Banda district, which included till 1997, an upland area called Patha that was made into a separate district called Chitrakoot.

Around 55 km from Banda town is the fort of Kalinjar, one of India's oldest and most historic forts.

Lord Shiva himself is said to have resided in Kalinjar and virtually every major ruler and ruling house of North India fought a battle for the fort - from the Kushans, the Guptas, Kalachuris, Pratiharas, Rashtrakutas, Chandelas, Prithviraj Chauhan, Delhi Sultans,  Lodis, Sher Shah Suri, the Mughals and  Marathas to the British.

Walking around the top of the 900-feet high fort, one can see scraps and remnants from many of these historical ages.

In the 18th century Banda district was under Bundela control; it then fell into the hands of Ali Bahadur, grandson of Peshwa Baji Rao, who declared himself 'nawab' of Banda.

Later Banda came under the rule of the Pune Peshwas, who ceded the area under the district to the British in 1803.

Banda town (pop. around 135,000) is headquarters of an administrative division comprising four districts (Banda, Chitrakoot, Hamirpur, Mahoba). The commissionerate is however called Chitrakootdham.

Banda is connected by rail to Allahabad, Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkatta.

Traditionally the town had a large cotton and indigo market. Local production of these commodities diminished over the years; a spinning mill set up by the UP government near Banda town closed down in 1998.

Around a dozen registered factories and over a thousand tiny industrial units are found in the district.

Notable among small and cottage industries is production of handicrafts and items made out of  'shajar' stone.

Unlike other districts of Bundelkhand, Banda does not have large artificial lakes. Its towns however have a number of tanks built during the time of the 'nawab'; most of them are today filled with filth and sewage.

Banda district (approx. area: 4,500 sq km; Census 2001 pop: 15.5 lakhs) is largely alluvium lowland with outcrops of rock.

A large number of rivers including the Ken and Baghein flow through the district and the lowlands are frequently under water during the rainy season. Banda town has suffered major floods.

Atarra, the district's second largest towns (pop. around 43,000) has several educational institutions including a college that teaches military history. A small population of African students is found in the town.

| Jhansi | Lalitpur | Datia | Jalaun | Hamirpur | Mahoba | Banda | Chitrakoot | Panna | Chhatarpur | Tikamgarh | Damoh | Sagar |

Tourist Guide
> Jhansi
> Lalitpur
> Datia
> Jalaun
> Hamirpur
> Mahoba
> Banda
> Chitrakoot
> Panna
> Chhatarpur
> Tikamgarh
> Damoh
> Sagar