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Sagar District

Sagar is picturesquely located on a spur of the Vindhyan range at a height of around 1750 feet above sea level. The name is derived from a large lake ('sagar' or ocean) in the town.

With a Census 2001 population of over 250,000 (including a cantonment area), Sagar is Bundelkhand's second largest town.

It is also headquarters of  Sagar district, Bundelkhand's southernmost and largest district (approx area: 10,000 sq km - nearly twice that of Jhansi district; pop: 20.2 lakhs).

Sagar district, which was earlier also called Dangiwara - after Dangis, formerly a dominant caste - is believed to have been first ruled by Gonds, then by a subgroub of Ahirs called Fauiadias, followed by a Rajput of Jalaun called Nihalsha, whose descendants were overcome by Maharaj Chhatarsal.

Chhatarsal gave away a large part of his kingdom, including Sagar and the surrounding territory, to the Pune Peshwa before his death.

The fort of Sagar and a settlement under its walls was founded by the Peshwa's officer-in-charge, Govind Rao Pandit.

Under British rule, Sagar was the capital of the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories, which were first attached to the North-Western Provinces. The Saugor and Nerbudda Territories later became part of the Central Provinces, and after Independence,  the state of Madhya Pradesh.

The state's first chief minister, Pandit Ravishankar Shukla, was born in Sagar.

The post-Independence development of Sagar town owes much to the munificence of Dr Harisingh Gaur (1870-1949), a progressive and highly successful Cambridge-educated lawyer, who wrote monumental legal studies, worked as a legislator and  was member of the Constituent Assembly.

The first vice-chancellor of Delhi university, and vice-chancellor of Nagpur university for two terms, he donated the greater part of his life's savings and a large amount of property including a magnificent Victorian mansion to found MP's first university at Sagar in 1946.

Now named after him, the Harisingh Gaur University, located on a hill overlooking the town, has been instrumental in making Sagar a major academic and cultural centre of MP.

Sagar also has a government engineering college, a police training centre and a large charitable hospital and research centre called Bhagyoday Tirth; a medical college will also come up here.

Sagar is a railway station on the Bina-Katni line and connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Bhopal, Jabalpur and other cities. It is on highways joining the north and south of the country.

The nearest airport is at Bhopal, 150 km away.

At the heart of MP, Sagar district is an emerging industrial centre with numerous small units manufacturing steel utensils, plastic goods, detergent cake powder, agriculture equipments, welding electrodes, alum, caustic soda, solvents, agarbattis, granite, acrylic products, dal, PVC pipes and other products. 

Large industrial units manufacture straw board, cooking oils, and single-superphosphate fertiliser. A few massive projects are slated to come up in Bina tehsil.

Located in the south-eastern corner of the Malwa plateau, the district has generally undulating terrain with isolated hills.

Forests are found in hilly areas in the south-east and north-east of the district, and inhabited by considerably Hinduised Gond, Saur and Kol tribals.

The Nauradehi sanctuary near Rehli has leopards, wolves, wild dogs, crocodiles, sambhars, chitals chinkaras and sloth bears.

| Jhansi | Lalitpur | Datia | Jalaun | Hamirpur | Mahoba | Banda | Chitrakoot | Panna | Chhatarpur | Tikamgarh | Damoh | Sagar |

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