About This Site   Resources   Contact Us   Site Map   Terms of Use

your location: home > people > population > bundelkhand poulation growth trends

Bundelkhand Population Growth Trends

Historically, Bundelkhand was a region of low population density due to:

  • unfavourable soil and weather conditions for high agriculture productivity in many parts of the region
  • political instability and lawlessness during many periods of the region's history, such as in the 19th century, before British rule was consolidated
  • frequency of drought, flood and other weather-induced shocks
  • low level of industrial development and urbanisation

However, in recent decades, Bundelkhand has witnessed rapid population growth.

District-wise Census figures show that that the decadal growth rate in the period 1981-1991 ranged from a low of 22.2% in Banda to a high of 30.7% in Chhatarpur, whereas the national growth rate was 23.9% .

In this period, there was explosive growth in urban population in some districts. In Panna district, it increased by over 100%. In Tikamgarh, the increase was over 75%; in Chhatarpur, it was over 60%, in Damoh it was close to 57% and in Datia, it was nearly 48%.   

Population growth in 1991-2001

District 1991
pop in '000
total pop
in '000
% increase
in total pop
1991 urban
pop in '000
pop in '000
in urban pop
Jhansi 1427 1745 22.29 567 711 25.40
Lalitpur 746 978 31.10 106 142 33.96
Jalaun 1217 1454 19.47 269 340 26.39
Hamirpur + Mahoba 1466 1751 19.44 255 327 28.23
Banda+ Chitrakoot 1874 2303 22.89 240 318 32.50
Datia 398 628 57.79 90 137 52.22
Tikamgarh 941 1203 27.84 159 213 33.96
Chhatarpur 1159 1475 27.26 223 324 45.29
Panna 685 856 24.96 89 108 21.35
Damoh 897 1084 20.84 163 204 25.15
Sagar 1646 2022 22.84 481 591 22.87

Source: Census 1991 and Census 2001. Population figures rounded off to nearest thousand.

Coming to district-wise Census figures for the period 1991-2001, we have to consider Hamirpur+ Mahoba and Banda+ Chitrakoot as  districts (Mahoba and Chitrakoot were carved out of the parent districts after 1991), and we see that population growth in Bundelkhand was generally higher than the national average (21.54%) in  this period.

There was phenomenal population growth in Datia in MP, and Lalitpur in UP, with high growth also in Tikamgarh and Chhatarpur districts.

Urban population growth followed this pattern, but compared to total population growth, urban population growth was higher in Tikamgarh and Chhatarpur districts.

There was also high urban population growth in Hamirpur+ Mahoba and Banda+ Chitrakoot districts.

The growth appears to be strongly related to growth in irrigation facilities: Growth was highest in districts (Datia, Lalitpur, Tikamgarh and Chhatarpur) which recorded highest increase in net irrigated area in this period.

In other districts, growth in urban population could be an indication of lower returns from agriculture production, which is forcing small and marginal farmers without access to irrigation, and landless labourers, to come to cities for work.

Urban population growth in Hamirpur+ Mahoba and Banda+ Chitrakoot can be attributed to the formation of Mahoba and Chitrakoot districts - many new government offices were opened, and new business opportunities arose, in the trading, service and other sectors.

The explosive urban population growth in Panna district in 1981-1991 must be viewed against the initial, low urban population base. Even in 2001, the district had an urban population of only around a lakh persons. 

Whatever the reason for growing urbanisation, only two towns in the region, Jhansi and Sagar, bear the mark of a modern urban centre. Read about Bundelkhand's towns.

| Current Population | Population Growth Trends |

> Current Population
> Population Growth Trends